A group of New Holland honeyeaters may band together and make a warning call when a threat, such as a bird of prey, is nearby. The only physical difference between the sexes is that women are often a little bit smaller.
The New Holland honeyeater’s mating habits have been fairly well studied. Although some coastal populations may breed at any time of the year in southern and eastern Australia, breeding typically takes place in the autumn and spring under the right circumstances, including enough food and favourable weather. New Holland honeyeaters have been seen to reproduce once a year in Western Australia, from July and November when there is an abundance of nectar.
While females devote a considerable percentage of their time to reproductive tasks like nest construction, incubation, and the majority of fledgling care, males in breeding territories spend a large portion of their time defending the nest and food resources. These roles are not entirely rigid, though (observation by Lambert and Oorebeek).
Additionally, it is typical for females to use food sources that are close to the nest, whereas males travel farther away, towards the edges of the territory.The nectar of flowers provides New Holland honeyeaters with the majority of their daily needs for carbohydrates. As a result, they are important pollinators of numerous blooming plant species, including the Banksia, Hakea, Xanthorrhoea, and Acacia, many of which are indigenous to Australia.
In addition to honey, New Holland honeyeaters can also ingest honeydew, a sweet fluid made by Psyllidae species. Although nectar is their main source of food, New Holland honeyeaters are not entirely nectarivorous. Because nectar lacks protein, New Holland honeyeaters must add protein-rich invertebrates, such spiders and insects, to their diet. They occasionally eat by themselves but typically gather in groups.